Southern dalmatian islands
Southern Dalmatian islands are: the island of Korčula, Mljet, Lastovo and Elafiti islands. These islands are, apart of the city of Dubrovnik, pearls of Dalmatia and the best representatives of the Mediterranean. Local residents on the islands are engaged primarily in tourism, and in agriculture, viticulture and fishing.
Korčula- the most populous Croatian island with large number of bays and coves. The town of Korčula on the island Korčula, is the city rich in tradition, in which the walls of the old town hiding towers and numerous churches. Medieval core of the city is consists of palaces in the style of gothic, renaissance and baroque. Arneri and Gabrielis palace, in which is the City Museum, are located opposite to the famous Cathedral of St. Marco. This city is the birthplace of Marco Polo, the world famous traveler and explorer who was the first European to have traveled more than 10,000 kilometers and described China and the Far East. Wine and olive oil are an inseparable part of the history of this island. Pošip and Grk are two brands of Korčula wines that are widely known.
Mljet - western third of the island of Mljet is the only National park in Dubrovnik region. This is also the greenest Croatian island, and in 1960. It was declared a National park. Mljet is rich in forests of pine tree and two lakes on the island are connected with the sea. These are: Little Lake (famous for its healing mud) and Big Lake ( famous for St.. Maria Benedictine monastery). These lakes are a natural phenomenon, and they are connected by a channel 30 meters long. Because of the law of tides, when the sea fills all the space of the lake, it begins to run from them: 6 hours a day sea affects the lake and 6 hours in the day, escaping from them. The most beautiful sandy beaches of this island are located in bays Saplunara and Blace.
Lastovo- one of the last oasis of Mediterranean lifestyle. island is covered with a variety of Mediterranean herbs, pines, olive trees and grape vines. Lastovo Islands is the youngest Nature Park in Croatia. The largest place on the island is town of Lastovo. In this place there are many interesting Gothic Baroque and Renaissance houses and on the roofs of these houses were built famous and very old stone chimneys- „fumari“. The island is surrounded by 46 smaller islands which creates a beautiful panorama.
Elafiti Islands-belongs to the Dubrovnik archipelago and they are the southernmost islands of the Adriatic. Elafiti are: Šipan, Lopud and Koločep. Because of very good ship lines from Dubrovnik threy are an excellent choice for an enjoyable vacation.
Šipan is the largest island, a former favorite destination of Dubrovnik nobility, an island of lush vegetation, combined with a variety of beaches. The sea at Šipan is rich in fish and ideal for swimming.
Lopud- still attracts the largest number of visitors due to the sandy beach Šunj, and on this island is worth a visit the Grand Hotel from 1936th and the Franciscan monastery from the 15th century.
Koločep is also called the Green island because of the richness of pine forests, olive groves and rich orange and lemon gardens. At the time of the Dubrovnik Republic, the island was inhabited with excellent sailors, and was also known for ships manufacturing. One interest of maritime history: two sailors from Columbus' ship Santa Maria were sailors from the island of Koločep.